The Convention on the Rights of the Child: a still insufficient first step
This Convention, ratified by most UN member countries, except the USA and Somalia, aims to ensure the protection of more than 8 million children in the world against common ailments they suffer: work forced child labor, sexual abuse, child soldiers, prostitution, trafficking, pornography.
This text is important because it is a universal basic duties of all states for the protection of children. It will only be effective to the extent that it is effectively implemented and that adults are aware of their duty towards children.
- Ten years ago, 200,000 children under 14 years fought with weapons in hand, they are now nearly 300,000. 140 million children still do not have access to primary education (855 million of the world’s population is illiterate that is two thirds of women and one sixth of humanity) even though significant progress has been made. 180 million children are still malnourished, 3 million die each year from lack of clean water. More encouraging signs to report, the mortality of children under 5 years fell by half in 30 years, 8 children in the Third World in 10 attend primary school today.
- 2.2 billion inhabitants of the planet are children. Among them, 18,000 under the age of 5 die every day, but 61 million children don’t have access to school, 115 million exert dangerous work for their physical development, 300.000 child soldiers (28 million children living in poor countries do not attend school because of armed conflict), 11% of girls are married before the age of 15…
Education is the solution to change the world
If all the girls had access to secondary education, infant mortality rate could decrease by 41%, therefore 1.8 million children saved.
An additional year of education increases by 10% future earnings …. and reduces the mortality rate of 7 to 9%.
A child whose mother can read is 50% more likely to survive beyond their fifth year.
For Pour nous, association de terrain, ce texte doit être complété d’une obligation
Que les Etats signataires appliquent effectivement cette convention.
Nous souhaiterions ajouter à la convention des Droits de l’Enfant :
- L’âge limite d’accès au travail à 16 ans pour les enfants. Il est aujourd’hui de 14 ans.
- Que la limite d’âge autorisant un enfant à porter des armes et à faire la guerre soit portée de 14 à 18 ans. Et que les responsables d’enrôlements des enfants puissent être pénalement poursuivis.
- Pour en savoir plus sur les Droits de l’Enfant, voir le site Unicef
et lire “Les enfants soldats” d’Alain Louyot – Editions Perrin, Collection Tempus